Infectious Disease

Definition of Infectious Disease Disorders

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi; the diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans.

Infectious diseases kill more people worldwide than any other single cause. Infectious diseases are caused by germs. Germs are tiny living things that are found everywhere - in air, soil and water. You can get infected by touching, eating, drinking or breathing something that contains a germ. Germs can also spread through animal and insect bites, kissing and sexual contact. Vaccines, proper hand washing and medicines can help prevent infections.

There are four main kinds of germs:

  • Bacteria - one-celled germs that multiply quickly and may release chemicals which can make you sick
  • Viruses - capsules that contain genetic material, and use your own cells to multiply
  • Fungi - primitive plants, like mushrooms or mildew
  • Protozoa - one-celled animals that use other living things for food and a place to live

(For more information go to: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious_diseases/biology_of_infectious_disease/manifestations_of_infection.html or http://www.who.int/topics/infectious_diseases/en/)

ECR Center expedites every aspect of a infectious diseases drug trial. It combines global experience in II, III and IV Phases of infectious diseases drug development with expertise in infectious disease imaging, laboratory (including PK/PD and Biomarkers) IVRS, central data management, electronic data capture and regulatory issues. Our clinical trial experience includes the following infectious diseases indications.

  • Bacterial Infections
  • Bacterial Nosocomial Infections
  • Chronic Hepatitis B
  • Chronic Hepatitis C
  • Community Acquired Pneumonia
  • Complicated Bacterial Infections
  • Complicated Skin Infections
  • Diphtheria
  • Fungal Infections
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Herpes zoster
  • HIV
  • Influenza
  • Prophylaxis of Malaria
  • Septic Shock
  • Skin & Soft Tissue Infections
  • Tonsillitis
  • Viral infections
  • Viral Hepatitis C